Saving teeth: A priority
Endodontics is the branch of dentistry concerning dental pulp and tissues surrounding the roots of a tooth. An endodontist is a specialist in saving teeth who performs procedures such as root canal treatment, cracked tooth repair, dental trauma treatment, surgery, etc. Endodontists are experts in pain management and use cutting-edge technologies designed to make treatment more comfortable and successful.
What is endodontic treatment?
Inside the tooth, under the white enamel and a hard layer called the dentin, is a soft tissue called the pulp. The pulp contains blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue and creates the surrounding hard tissues of the tooth during development.
The pulp extends from the crown of the tooth to the tip of the roots where it connects to the tissues surrounding the root.
Root canal treatment (endodontics) is a dental procedure used to treat infection at the centre of a tooth (the root canal system).
When root canal treatment is needed
Endodontic treatment is necessary when the pulp, the soft tissue inside the root canal, becomes inflamed or infected.
The inflammation or infection can have a variety of causes: deep decay repeated dental procedures on the tooth or a crack or chip in the tooth. In addition, an injury to a tooth may cause pulp damage even if the tooth has no visible chips or cracks.
What are the signs of needing endodontic treatment?
prolonged sensitivity to heat or cold
tenderness to touch and chewing
discoloration of the tooth
Sometimes, however, there are no symptoms.
What is the Procedure for a Root Canal?
1.X-ray and Anesthesia
The procedure starts by taking an x-ray image of the root to determine the root structure and the extent of infection.
local anesthesia is necessary to numb the area around the affected tooth.
2.Nerve Extraction and root canal preparation
The endodontist makes an opening in the crown of the tooth. Very small instruments are used to clean the pulp from the pulp chamber and root canals and to shape the space for filling.
3.Root Canal Seal
The endodontist fills the root canals with a biocompatible material, usually a rubber-like material called gutta-percha.
After the Procedure
For the first few days after treatment, your tooth may feel sensitive, especially if there was pain or infection before the procedure. This discomfort can be relieved with prescription medications. However, if you have severe pain or pressure or pain that lasts more than a few days, call your endodontist.
Is additional treatments needed after root canal treatment?
Most endodontically treated teeth last as long as other natural teeth. In a few cases, a tooth that has undergone endodontic treatment does not heal or the pain continues. Occasionally, the tooth may become painful or diseased months or even years after successful treatment. Often when this occurs, retreatment can save the tooth.