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From the moment their first tooth appears, brush your baby’s teeth and gums at least twice daily, in the morning and last thing at night. Use toothpaste containing at least 1000 parts per million (ppm) fluoride.

Stage 1 – baby
At first your baby may find it a bit strange but will soon get used to the soothing feeling. Find a place that is comfortable and safe for baby. Always supervise toothbrushing and never leave a baby or small child alone with a toothbrush or toothpaste.
Which toothbrush?
Use a toothbrush with a small head and soft bristles.
Which toothpaste?
At home, encourage healthy habits and use a toothbrush and toothpaste with at least 1000 (parts per million (ppm) fluoride.
For children under three years of age use a smear of fluoride toothpaste on to a dry brush.

Stage 2 – toddler
A growing child needs teeth to smile and eat with, and to give them confidence. Establishing a good oral care routine from early childhood is important and can be supported by parents and carers.
Which toothbrush?
Use a toothbrush with a small head and soft bristles.
Which toothpaste?
For children aged three years and above, use a pea-sized amount of at least 1000 - 1500 ppm (parts per million) fluoride toothpaste.

Stage 3 – pre school
Assist toothbrushing until about seven years of age as by then their coordination will be fully developed and they will be able to brush properly.
Children should be encouraged to do some of the brushing themselves so that they develop toothbrushing skills. Remember to encourage your child. Praise will often get results.
Which toothbrush?
Use a toothbrush with a small head and soft bristles.
Which toothpaste?
For children aged three years and above, use a pea-sized amount of toothpaste containing at least 1000 - 1500 ppm (parts per million) fluoride.

Fissure Sealent
Fissure sealants are a great preventative treatment for decay. No matter how well you clean those back teeth it is a common site for decay in children’s teeth.
So a useful strategy is to seal these deep grooves to prevent decay.
If a tooth is heading down the track towards a cavity we want to get to it as early as possible.
Detecting any early damage will allows us to clean the groove out and seal it up before there’s a cavity.
Fissure sealants vs a filling
Once there is a cavity in a tooth we will have to drill right through the enamel in order to remove the decay in the tooth and place a filling. This means the tooth always ends up weaker. For the rest of your life the tooth is never going to be as strong as if it were intact and perfect.
The beauty of a fissure sealant is it allows us to clean the groove out many times without going through the enamel. The “bio-rim” of your enamel is left intact with a fissure sealant and the tooth stays strong.
Resin-based fissure sealants should be applied to the permanent molars of all children as early after eruption as possible.
What’s involved?
The process is usually quick and easy taking only a few minutes per tooth.
The tooth is thoroughly cleaned, prepared with a special solution, and dried. The sealant is then applied and allowed to set hard – usually by shining a blue light onto it.
How long does fissure sealant last?
Sealant usually last for many years, but needs to be checked regularly to make sure that the seal is intact.
It can wear over time, and sometimes needs to be added to or replaced to be sure that no decay can start underneath it.

Space Maintainers 
Children may need space maintainers if they lose a tooth early or have a baby (primary) tooth extracted due to dental decay. If either is the case, it is important to know the benefits of using a space maintainer and how it can help support your child's dental health.
A space maintainer is an appliance that is custom-made by a dentist or orthodontist in acrylic or metal material. It can be either removable or cemented in a child's mouth.

Topical Fluoride Treatment
Fluoride is a naturally occurring element that strengthens teeth. This can help to prevent tooth decay. Experts say the best way to prevent tooth decay is to use several sources of fluoride.
Fluoride is found naturally in water sources in small amounts. Some foods, such as meat, fish, eggs and tea, contain fluoride. It also is added to water in some areas. Many toothpastes, rinses and professional treatments contain fluoride. 

The fluoride treatments you receive in a dental office have more fluoride than over-the-counter fluoride mouthwash or toothpaste. They are used for both children and adults. Dental-office treatments also are different chemically and stay on the teeth longer.
There are two common types of professionally applied fluorides. Acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) is acidic; neutral sodium fluoride is not.
Fluoride is applied as a gel, foam or varnish during a dental appointment. The teeth are dried so the fluoride doesn't become diluted. Fluoride gel or foam can be applied by using a tray that looks like a mouth guard for one to four minutes. Fluoride varnish can be painted directly on parts of the teeth that are most likely to get a cavity, to strengthen them. 


MED-DİŞ Private Oral-Dental Health Policlinic
Arjantin Caddesi BORAZAN SOKAK No:8
06700 Gaziosmanpaşa / ANKARA
P: +90 (312) 427 27 24 (pbx)
F: +90 (312) 467 89 87
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